1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 9.9
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: INEA
- Equipment: ME RTU
- Vulnerabilities: OS Command Injection, Improper Authentication
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow remote code execution.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of Inea ME RTU are affected:
- ME RTU: versions 3.36b and prior
3.2 Vulnerability Overview
Versions of INEA ME RTU firmware 3.36b and prior are vulnerable to operating system (OS) command injection, which could allow remote code execution.
Versions of INEA ME RTU firmware 3.36b and prior do not require authentication to the “root” account on the host system of the device. This could allow an attacker to obtain admin-level access to the host system.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy, Water and Wastewater, Transportation
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Slovenia
Floris Hendriks of Radboud University reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
INEA recommends users to upgrade ME RTU to firmware version 3.37.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time.
5. UPDATE HISTORY
- October 31, 2023: Initial Publication